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The Independent Force

Early efforts at a strategic bombing campaign by units of the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps led to the creation of the Independent Force, Royal Air Force on 6 June 1918. Made up of both day and night bombing squadrons, the Independent Force was based in the Metz-Nancy region, well to the south of the British sector of the Western Front.

Operation Sealion

Operation 'Sealion' (Seelöwe) was Germany’s plan for the cross-Channel invasion of the United Kingdom in 1940. Initial plans for invasion were drawn up by the German Naval Staff in November 1939 and presented to the Führer on 31 May 1940.

Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Allied invasion of northwest Europe. The assault phase, which commenced on D-Day, 6 June 1944, was codenamed Operation Neptune and consisted of amphibious landings at Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha, and Utah beaches, and at Pointe du Hoc, together with airborne landings by the British 6th and US 81st and 101st Airborne Divisions.

First World War British Tank Doctrine

British development of the tank commenced in February 1915 with the formation of the 'Landships Committee' and despite initial problems, particularly in developing a suitable track, the first Mark I Tanks were in production by early 1916

Fuehrer Conferences

Throughout the Second World War Adolf Hitler met with Grand Admiral Raeder, Commander-in-Chief of the German Fleet and his staff at a series of situation report meetings that became known as the Fuehrer Conferences on Naval Affairs.