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A listing of all Defence Academy Publications (with RSS feed).
UK-US Best Practice in the Care of Service Personnel, Veterans and their Families and their Relationship with Society
There is growing concern from military chiefs and Service charities in the UK and US about the widening gap between the Armed Forces Community of Service personnel, veterans and their families, and the society from which they are drawn. This paper identifies the trajectories of both nations’ attempts to re-balance Clausewitz’s trinity of the government, the military and the people, highlighting initiatives from a ‘modern trinity’ of the public, private and third sector. It also demonstrates that the UK Armed Forces, Community and Corporate Covenants are excellent foundations from which to evolve the relationship between the Armed Forces and society beyond 2014. By Colonel Fred E. Hargreaves OBE
The 3GS Methodology: A Practical Approach to Strategic Foresight
The 3GS framework is practical information processing methodology for use at the national level. Its purpose is to provide a political leader and planning staff with a process for structured analysis when developing a strategy to deliver a national aim, or in response to a geostrategic event. This paper outlines a practical methodology to explicitly formulate and articulate foresight in the development of strategy, and applies it to 2 case studies to determine its potential utility. By Brigadier Sam Evans
How might Russia strengthen its political and cultural influence within Europe?
This dissertation looks at the emergence of modern Russia from the Soviet Union, identifies continuing elements of national political identity such as suspicion, lack of accountability, isolationism, monolithic governance, and corruption. It locates these in a historic Russian narrative that is documented in the intellectual and literary tradition. It looks then at Russia’s post-Soviet engagement with the West, seeking to analyse its strategic aims and to suggest how it might be more effective both in areas of applied foreign policy and in the deployment of ‘soft power’. By The Reverend Peter Andrew Eagles
Shale: A Fracking Geopolitical Game Changer?
This paper looks at the two shale revolutions ongoing, in oil and gas. Each has different strategic implications, but together they will fundamentally alter the world geo-politically. The revolution has started with increasing production of shale oil and gas in the USA using the process of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”). The implications of the USA achieving selfsufficiency in energy, a goal of over 40 years, could be significant if the world’s only superpower retreats to a more isolationist foreign policy and security stance. A more profound revolution, with massive economic and geo-political implications for all current energy exporting countries, could follow if the worldwide shale oil and gas reserves prove to be as exploitable as those in the USA. By Captain Ian Bisson
The Strategic Dynamics of International Collaboration for Defence Procurement and Support
This paper explores procurement and support from the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) perspective; the UK Cross-Government perspective; and the perspective of international organisations such as the EU and NATO, in order to understand the barriers to delivering the benefits that international collaborative programmes promise, and the strategic dynamics behind performance to date. Tools used to achieve these aims include analysis of ends, ways and means, opportunities and threats, as well as concepts such as strategic fit, strategic narratives, the application of power, leadership and the ability to turn strategy into action. By Group Captain Simon D Ellard
Letters of Marque: Nineteenth Century Solution to a Twenty-First Century Problem? A UK Perspective on the Boundaries for Contractor Participation in Military Operations
This paper examines the boundaries surrounding today's appetite for contracting support to military operations, asking whether the governance framework is sufficiently robust, whether the scope of contracting should continue to widen and whether there is the potential for a nation's standing military to be replaced with an entirely contractor based alternative. It will conclude that whilst there is scope to expand the use of contractors in logistic support and defensive security provision, the realm of deliberate offensive action must currently remain the preserve of standing forces. By Captain Richard A Murrison
Collective Security in Space: Search for a Comprehensive Strategy for Utilisation of Space for National Interests
The dissertation analyses the national policies of major space-faring nations to identify any provisions that contribute to insecurity; ascertains other causes for insecurity in space; looks at the extant treaties and agreements and their inadequacies in enhancing security; and concludes by exploring the idea of 'collective security' as a strategy that might facilitate utilization of assets in space for national interests. By Air Commodore Radhakrishnan Radhish
Beyond the Defence Sector: A Military Contribution to Growth,Exports and Prosperity
This paper examines the potential contribution which military forces can make to supporting the export economy, outside the traditional relationship they have with the defence and security sector. It considers the relevance of military soft power, reputation, branding and attractiveness to general commercial activity and highlights the intangible assets held by Defence. Having pointed out the potential pitfalls in associating military reputation with economic policy, the paper concludes that armed forces can make a significant contribution to a prosperity agenda and should be valued for their intangible, but considerable, effect upon national standing. By Brigadier Martin Smith
ASEAN: A Nascent Security Community?
Since it formed in 1967 the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has had an important, but largely implicit, security function. This began to change at the end of the Cold War when ASEAN created the ASEAN Regional Forum. It is now going a stage further and is attempting to establish a more formal security community so that it is better placed to deal with the security challenges of the 21st Century. This essay examines the prospects of ASEAN achieving its goal and concludes that there are a significant number of obstacles preventing it from doing so, the majority of which are likely to take a generation or more to overcome. By Colonel Stephen J Hall
Religion in the Public Arena: A Strategic Challenge facing the Church of England
The Church of England has a relationship with the state that is unique in church-state relations. With strong theological and political undergirding, it is the primary source of religious influence in the public arena. This paper suggests that the status of the church and the breadth and depth of its engagement are under threat from sociological and philosophical factors such as the decline of institutional religion and the development of programmatic secularism. The challenge for the church’s leadership is clear: to evolve its strategy through being more intentional about its aims whilst being radical and adaptable in its methods. By The Reverend Jonathan Chaffey
A new regime of financial regulation: one step too far for the United Kingdom?
The UK government responded to the 2008 economic downturn with a dual strategy of national austerity and regulatory reform. This new regulatory regime was established to change the financial sector's culture and the focus of the regulator, by creating a new set of governance arrangements. This paper examines the principles of regulation and accesses if the right conditions have been established to ensure greater stability and security, and thus secure national prosperity. Governance change alone is not sufficient and the underlying culture of the sector and regulator needs to change. By Captain James Hayes
Reviewing UK Defence: Lessons from 2010 for 2015
This dissertation considers how strategy is developed and reviewed. The UK’s Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) in 2010 is looked at in detail and lessons are drawn from it for the UK’s next review of Defence and Security, due in 2015. By Brigadier Felix G Gedney
China's Peaceful Rise or Otherwise: Implications for Security and Prosperity in the Asia-Pacific
The purpose of this paper is to identify the implications for security and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific as a result of the re-emergence of China as a great power. It examines the evolution of Chinese foreign policy in the region and the current and future sources of geo-political tension between China and the US, and China and the region. It identifies three possible scenarios for future Chinese participation in regional security arrangements and then briefly considers the implications for Australia in balancing relations between China and the United States. By Colonel Chris Websdane
RCDS Handbook
Defence Academy Yearbook 2013
A selection of commended essays researched and written by Defence Academy students during the 2012-13 academic year.
Power: In Search of a Viable National Strategy for the United States in the 21st Century
This is a study of dynamics of power in international relations, with a particular focus on the American perspective. The precept is that power, as a means to an end, could be used wisely or unwisely, even by the strongest of nations. The paper looks deeper into what the concept of power really means and how it can be applied in national strategy. By Colonel Lance McDaniel
In a world of transnational terrorism,can we allow states to fail?
This paper examines the correlation of state failure with transnational terrorism and whether the international community can afford to allow state failure and argues that the correlation between state failure and transnational terrorism is not linear. By Brigadier General Mohammad Kabir
Continuity and Realism?: Ethiopia’s Regional Policy Under Meles Zenawi, 1991-2012
This paper considers Ethiopia’s regional policies under the leadership of Meles, focussing on Somalia and the Sudans, and using Realism as a theoretical framework. At first glance, Realism resonates in the Horn of Africa: it is a region in which states are literally competing for survival as viable entities. By Ms Susi L Bessant
Cyber Attack - Is the threat to National Security 'Real' or 'Hyped Hysteria'?
This paper seeks to argue that cyber attacks are indeed a serious threat to national security and can be used independent of conventional military power to compel the enemy to do our will. While conceding that there is no conclusive empirical evidence in the public domain of a country successfully imposing its will on an adversary through a cyber attack, the paper argues that cyber attacks are indeed instruments of coercion that, by virtue of the damage they can do, could well be used to achieve limited political objectives. By Commodore Vishwanathan Ganapathi
Arabian Gulf Strategic Integration: What Strategy will assist Multi-Dimensional Integration for the Gulf Co-operation Council?
This paper seeks to develop a strategy of Multi-Dimensional Integration for the GCC states. It attempts to identify and unravel a number of overlapping and interlocking factors that can assist the GCC in its quest for regional integration and to rebalance and secure a sensitive and important region. By Brigadier General Essa J. Alqahtani